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Real Estate Appraisal
In order to own and convey property in a market economy it is necessary for that property to be assigned a specific monetary value. This process, unlike, say, that of assigning value to durable goods which have specific materials, production and marketing costs can be somewhat more involved. With property, the fixed costs building materials and labor costs are always accompanied by more esoteric factors that go to make property more (or less) valuable. Becoming a member of the group that understands and applies these factors is a bit more complex than simply being able to understand a balance sheet.The objective of this course is to familiarize the student with the principles, theories, duties and activities that pertain to real estate appraisal and valuation. Developing an opinion of value is what the real estate appraiser does, but, as weve alluded to, this is far from an effortless process. Understanding the obligation of the real estate industry to promote professionalism and ethical business practices is a beginning to being able to carry out this process such that it is beneficial to licensees, consumers and the market in which they do business. As well as touching upon general standards by which the value of property should be established, this course is broken down into separate lessons which cover: Role of a Real Estate Appraiser Federal Legislation and National Agencies Governing the Industry An Overview of Basic Value Principles Dynamics of the Real Estate Market Three Approaches to Appraisal Appraisal Process Real Estate Appraisal Practice Exercises Completing this course will leave the student with a good understanding of fundamental principles of appraisal, methods of real estate valuation, the various kinds of appraisal licensure and certification, the diverse types of appraisal, and what license or certificate is appropriate for given ones. In addition, the course examines the ways in which appraisal can affect both the larger economy and the availability of housing. The course concludes with real-world practice lessons in which students apply their new knowledge to examples and case studies.
This course covers major environmental hazards. Licensees need to familiarize themselves with environmental issues because they have a responsibility to disclose to buyers any information that might affect their decision to buy. Environmental hazards can dramatically affect a propertys value, so buyers, sellers, lenders and licensees all can be affected by them. This course includes the following lessons:The Indoor Environment The External Environment Legislation Disclosure and Site Assessment Real Estate PracticeStudents will learn throughout this course to identify internal and external environmental issues. They will learn about health hazards, environmental legislation, liability and responsibility for cleanup and protection. They will also learn about actions they should take and how issues affect licensees and lending. Licensees are not expected to be environmental experts, but in this course students will acquire a competency with environmental issues which will help them to elucidate issues for buyers, sellers and lenders. Knowledge of environmental issues also will help protect them from charges of nondisclosure. The conclusion of this course presents real world dilemmas and applications of the information presented. As the student completes this course, he or she should try to paint a big picture of environmental issues, which the course will address with comprehensive content questions, practices and case studies.
Code of Ethics – Core->TN
This course covers the standards of conduct and ethical judgment by addressing the different concepts that contribute to ethical business practices. This course will introduce the student to ethics and morals by defining both terms in order to distinguish differences between the two. The student will also learn the four approaches to ethical decision-making; therefore, after learning the Articles and Standard Practices of the NAR® Code of Ethics, the student will be able to use the model identify any violations of the Code. This course addresses the following topics: – Definition of Ethics and Morals- The Four Approaches to Ethical Decisions- Articles in the Code of Ethics- Using the Model for Ethical Decision-Making- Basics of the Professional Standards Enforcement Process through the Local REALTOR® Board of Association- More Risk Management in Action to Improve Business- Real Estate PracticeThis course will include seven lessons. Lesson One will introduce the concept of ethics and morals. Lesson Two will introduce four approaches to making ethical business decisions and a model for ethical decision making. Lesson Three will present an overview of the NAR® Code of Ethics including the concept of aspirations within the Pre-Amble and the Articles and Standard Practices in the NAR® Code of Ethics. In Lesson Four, participants will use case studies to apply the model for making ethical decisions, which includes using the four approaches to business ethics while utilizing the NAR® Code of Ethics. Lesson Five focuses on ethics complaints, arbitration and mediation. Lesson 6 will conclude the course with a discussion of unethical conduct, antitrust laws and violations of antitrust laws and professional and ethical business practices. Lesson 7 will conclude the course with a presentation of real world situations and applications of the information presented. As the student completes this course, he or she should try to paint a big picture of the code of ethics, which the course will address with comprehensive content questions, practices, and case studies.
Liens, Taxes and Foreclosures
This course discusses liens, taxes and foreclosures. There are many types of liens, as well as several kinds of taxes, that can attach to a parcel of real estate. When borrowers default on a debt, foreclosure is the process by which lienholders collect the unpaid portion of a debt. Because liens represent an interest in real property, it is crucial that real estate licensees develop an in-depth understanding of liens and lien-related issues. Such knowledge also helps licensees to better advise buyers and sellers.The first lesson presents a general overview of liens. It explains the classification of liens and discusses the types of non-tax liens. Lesson two discusses taxes and tax issues, including ad valorem taxes, real estate tax computation, special assessments, real estate transfer taxes, federal income taxes, capital gains taxes and tax shelters for homeowners and investors. It also discusses the priority of liens. Lesson three addresses the methods of foreclosure, redemption, deficiency judgments, tips for homeowners facing foreclosure and fraudulent behaviors related to foreclosure.The conclusion of this module presents real world dilemmas and applications of the information presented. As the student completes the module, he or she should try to paint a big picture of the issues surrounding liens, taxes and foreclosures, which the module addresses with comprehensive questions, activities and case studies.
1031 Real Estate Exchanges
Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code allows for a tax deferment on the exchange of ‘like kind- income-producing property. In essence, an individual may trade an old income-producing or commercial capital asset for a new one of ‘like kind- without paying tax on any of the gains. Instead, the tax is deferred until the chain of exchanges is permanently broken.Commercial real property can qualify for a tax-deferred exchange, providing that the transaction is properly managed through the cooperation of many different professionals. This module outlines the uses of 1031 exchanges, covering what constitutes exchangeable property, the definition of ‘like kind,- the roles of different professionals in 1031 exchanges, the benefits and drawbacks, as well as the different types of exchanges commonly used for real estate transactions. A real estate professional familiar with the Section 1031, its meaning, use and scope, will be able to expand his or her clientele base and will be better equipped to advise investor and commercial clients over the course of their transactions, from the property finding phase through closing.
Real Property Ownership and Land Use
This course explores the meaning of real property ownership and the differences between real estate and personal property. Although these terms are often used interchangeably in everyday conversation, there are different rights associated with these different commodities. It is important that licensees understand the differences between them and are able to explain the distinctions to their clients and customers. This course addresses the following topics: – Personal and Real Property Ownership- Land Description- Controlling Development- Real Estate Practice LessonThroughout this course, the student will learn how different commodities land, real estate, and real property !! transfer and relate to one another. In addition, the student will learn about land use theory and come to understand how our federal, state, municipal and private authorities govern and plan our communities. This course covers legal descriptions as well as informal descriptions, the development of these concepts and the role they play in the real estate industry. This courses final lesson presents real-world dilemmas and provides opportunities to apply the information covered in the rest of the course. As the student completes this course, he or she should try to develop a broad understanding of real property use and to place this understanding within the larger context of real estate practice as a whole. This final lesson aims to help the student achieve this goal using comprehensive content questions, practice examples and case studies.
This course covers broad issues on fair housing laws. Specifically, the student will learn: what fair housing laws exist, what classes of individuals are covered under these laws, how discrimination is defined in real estate, how can one avoid discriminating practices, and what the consequences are for non-compliance with fair housing laws.
If you are located in Texas please note the following information:
Texas Provider Approval #0238 / Course Approval #04-00-104-24750
Contracts, Purchase & Sales Agreements
Clear, mutually-acceptable agreements are an essential component of the legal transference of ownership. In the practice of real estate, contracts are the instruments used to describe and record the agreements surrounding the conveyance of property. Some type of contract is nearly always involved, whether a salesperson is promising to sell a property within a specified period of time, a prospective buyer is placing an offer on a house or a seller is considering an offer on property. Before entering into a legally binding agreement, real estate professionals must fully understand the contracts that govern their industry. Failure to understand contracts opens a licensee to various kinds of liability and can seriously damage ones professional reputation. Therefore, it is vital that real estate professionals learn this material so that they can protect themselves against errors, oversights and misunderstandings. In this module you will learn about the types of general contracts as well as the different kinds of real estate contracts. The module provides the student with an overview of the various types of contracts: bilateral, unilateral, implied, express, executed, executory, valid, void, voidable and unenforceable. Once the student is introduced to the different types of contracts, he or she learns what makes a contract legally enforceable, this being the five components that make a contract valid: mutual assent, legally competent parties, consideration, lawful objective and adherence to a statute of frauds. This module includes the following lessons: – Types of Contracts- Features of a Legally Valid Contract- Contract Fulfillment- Real Estate ContractsThe fifth and concluding lesson in this module presents real-world dilemmas and concrete applications of the information presented in the rest of the course. As the student completes this module, he or she should try to develop a broad picture of environmental issues and how they fit into the larger practice of real estate; the last lesson will help with this project by presenting comprehensive content questions, practice problems and case studies.
Tennessee Real Estate Continuing Education Requirements
Beginning Jan. 1, 2005, a 60-hour Pre-License Principles course and 30-hour Course for New Affiliates must be passed prior to licensure as an affiliate broker.
Affiliate Broker Continuing Education Requirements
NOTE: There are different requirements for affiliate brokers based on the date the affiliate broker’s license was issued. Check your license issuance date to be sure that you meet the correct education requirement for license renewal.
Affiliate Brokers licensed between July 1, 1980 and Dec. 31, 2004 are required to complete 16 hours of approved continuing education between Nov. 2, 2004 and Nov. 1, 2006 to renew their licenses.
Affiliate Brokers licensed between Jan. 1, 2005 and June 30, 2005 are not required to complete continuing education until their subsequent licensing period.
Affiliate Brokers licensed on or after July 1, 2005 are required to complete 16 hours of approved continuing education in their first and all subsequent licensing periods.
All affiliate brokers needing continuing education must take the TREC CORE 05/06 (a specific four-hour course which is approved for both classroom and home study delivery), and at least 12 hours of elective education.
POST LICENSE EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS
“Brokers Licensed after January 1, 2001 must complete 120 additional hours of Commission approved education before the third anniversary of their broker license. Failure to comply with the post-broker education requirement will result in non-issuance of a license renewal. Brokers licensed after January 1, 2005 must complete continuing education requirements after completing the 120-hour post license requirement.”
For questions concerning your renewal, please visit the
Tennessee Real Estate Commission